What is VAT ?

VAT is an indirect tax applied upon the consumption of most goods and services. VAT is levied by VAT registered businesses which make supplies of goods and services in the course or furtherance of their business. VAT will also apply on the importation of goods. VAT is levied at each stage in the supply chain and is collected by businesses on behalf of the Government. VAT is ultimately incurred and paid by the end consumer. Although VAT will apply to most goods and services there are some likely exceptions: this includes basic food items, essential medicines and exports of goods and international services which are expected to be zero rated supplies. Furthermore, other supplies such as healthcare, education, sale or lease of residential property and finance and insurance are expected to be exempt from VAT.